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韩寒:从叛逆中找到乐趣  

2009-09-30 22:52:34|  分类: 拿来主义 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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转帖之前,本博主先废话几句。

我一直以为,我们60后和80后最大的区别,就在于我们出生于“困难时期”,启蒙于1980那个“黄金年代”,并且曾以不同方式不同程度地介入或被卷入过柳丝风波。我们不像80后那样,一出生就遇到了“好时光”,在“和谐社会”中过着安逸的“好日子”——一方面,他们不知道什么叫肌肤之饿、心志之苦;另一方面,他们没法在90年代以来物欲横流的社会生态中经历普世价值观的洗礼。

我们这一代是注定要苦难到底的一代,无论是肌肤,还是心志。80后不理解我们,为什么要那么“激进”或曰傻帽。其实我也不明白,为什么当代中国人会如此变态——30岁以下的人往往保守得可怕,物质或者说现实得令人心惊;而那么多40多岁的知识人却“老不熄火”,代价很大地承担着本该血气方刚者承担的社会责任,痛苦并“不合时宜”地活着。

好在,我看到了唯一的例外。

韩寒,这个27岁的青年,为什么会变成80后的叛徒,这应该成为社会学家的一个课题。  

 

从叛逆中找到乐趣的韩寒

作者:吴晨

来源:新华网

来源日期:2009-9-23

本站发布时间:2009-9-24 2:25:29

阅读量:155次

 

【编者按】很遗憾,新华社发布的这篇文章只有英文,没有中文。在我们寻找中文报道的时候,发现有好事着已经发布了,我们把翻译整理在这里发布。查看翻译原文,点击这里;阅读新华社的英文报道在译文之后。查看更多韩寒博客,点击这里

  今年6月份,在收到中国赛车巡回赛的罚单之后,赛车手韩寒在裁判面前竖起了中指。很多人疑问他这个抗议行为是否太过。但他随即更新博客,痛批汽车联合会在执行规则时违反职业道德,并批评其在处罚违规路段方面的失败。在问及他是否考虑过色情手势对社会的不利影响时,韩寒用他典型的讥讽回应到:“唯一可能受影响的是儿童,但是我相信在绿坝(互联网暴力及色情内容过滤软件)的保护下,他们不会受到伤害。”

  这就是来自27岁中国最受欢迎博主的那种重量级批评,并受到他们这一代人的欢呼。韩寒的博客以攻击当局而出名。每当他的评论通过审查时,就往往成为头条新闻。他对二月份那场摧毁CCTV大厦的大火的看法迅速贴遍网络。但那些帖子不久便从国内互联网上消失了。但是在此之前,帖子早已经被复制传播数千遍了。在帖子中,他表达了他们一代人的失望:“政府需要思考一个严重的问题:在现行的体制下,喉舌已经为主人丢了脸。一个事实在他们报道中会变成假的。新的一代人已经成熟。他们将嘲笑这些国有媒体越来越多的做法,难怪这些媒体正在被时代所淘汰。” 他同样指出了自己知名度高的原因:“这是一个除非你有美德否则说服不了别人的时代。”

  2008年5月下旬,当美国演员莎朗·斯通因谈论四川大地震“有趣”和“报应”而引发愤怒的时候,韩寒争辩说斯通的观点受到了媒体的扭曲。他在博客上引用并翻译了大量资料,说明斯通只是在讲她思维的过程,但是媒体断章取义了。三天后,他刊登了一篇3000字的文章《不要动不动就举国暴怒》,呼吁公众缓和民族热情。

  “一个被媒体断章取义的过季明星的一句话,反映了我们野蛮的一面,”他写道,暗指那些呼吁将她“封杀”或者在其他方面伤害的帖子。

  “如果我们想想在其他国家发生自然灾害后我们说过的话,我们将发现我们离真正的人道主义还很远。如果你仍然不反思过去,你还不如斯通。她至少知道反思自己,”他在贴子中写道。

  他还说中国人应当把焦点对准更重要的事情,比如在地震中倒塌的“豆腐渣”学校。

  因为这个,他在中国互联网上被标记为“白痴”,“冷血”和“不爱国”。

    

  事实上,在地震之后他立刻就和朋友们前往四川分发救灾物资,但是他小心的避开摄像机以避免再被贴上“作秀”的标签。

  然而,路金波(韩寒的出版商)和梁文道(总部设在香港的凤凰卫视的评论员)赞同韩寒将成为下一个鲁迅。(鲁迅可以算是中国近代最著名的作家,他以强有力的批判文章而被读者喜爱。)

  韩寒2000年出版的处女作《三重门》是关于高中学生的校园生活。在这部书里,他通过比较家教老师和妓女来抨击教育系统:“教师不受欢迎,但是家庭很流行。从这里,我们可以看到教育就像约会。一对多很便宜,但一对一就贵了--每小时的价格几乎和妓女的价格一样。然而,一名教师比妓女更有本事。妓女通过给别人快乐赚钱,老师却通过给别人痛苦赚钱。”这种挑衅式的批评将他至少5本书送进了畅销榜。

  一位《三重门》的读者写道:“韩寒你太棒了!你说出了我想说的话。” “那么你为什么不说?”他回复到。

  广州出版的《新周刊》杂志在2008年末指出,韩寒履行了一个公共知识分子的职务和责任。“他的理性思考使我们对80后充满希望。” 80后指的是独生子女的一代,他们也因以自我为中心和缺乏社会责任感而出名。

  然而,韩寒拒绝了这个角色,他说自己只是喜欢把想说的话说出来。

  他甚至喜欢许多人不同意他观点的事实。“当我开动赛车的时候,我想开慢车的人是傻子,但之后我改变了我的看法--没有他们,怎么显出我来?”

  很多人相信韩寒在写作方面是很有前途的。但他却跟随着自己的激情开始了赛车生涯。人们觉得他只是想炫耀自己的价值,或者像很多雄性激素过量的年轻人一样想得到刺激。

  首先,韩寒把自己的钱花在了训练和买车上。并且,他是一个专业车队的签约车手。然后,令公众惊讶的赢得了2007年中国赛车锦标赛。

  “我的成功来自于我的判断,这是我的天赋。很多人从来不知道他们真正的能力是什么。他们只是把生命浪费在他们不擅长的事情上,”他说。

  韩寒在上海郊区的一个城镇长大,拥有无忧无虑的童年。他的父母不像很多中国父母那样督促孩子走向成功,而是在功课和学习上对韩寒的要求比较宽松。在学习汉字之后,他发现自己对阅读充满激情,晚上总是躲在被窝里读书。

     他的独立倾向在很小的时候就表现出来了。当父母尝试纠正韩寒的一些“坏习惯”或是“坏行为”的时候,甚至一些很小的问题,例如保持桌子清洁,他总是抵制父母的教育。 “他们经常试着改变我,但是从来没成功过。然后他们开始明白我一直做最大努力去得到我想要的。现在他们支持我做的每一项决定,”韩寒说。

  他不会让任何其他因素影响自己生活的决心。

  他的学习进程在1999年终结。那时他高中7门课不及格,包括语文。他多花了一年时间尝试赶上课程,但是他最终决定辍学。然而,在这之前,他赢得了第一届“新概念”全国作文大赛,这个大赛鼓励学生创新写作。而且,他在上学期间完成了三重门的草稿。

  他告诉老师他将靠版权维生,老师们全嘲笑他太“天真”。但是一个月后,《三重门》成为畅销书,销售量达到了100万,他成了百万富翁。

   他的自信更强了,他相信“成功是成功之母”。现在他还通过驾驶赛车和博客广告收入赚钱。

    

  为了鼓励中国写作者,他希望在自己将要做主编的新杂志中,支付每1000字2000元的超高稿费。他已经在考虑放弃比赛和写作一段时间。“但是我仍然有一些目标没有完成,还有一些'敌人'必须去打倒,”他说。他的理想生活将是“和正确的人呆在正确的地方”

  “每天早晨我们醒来的时候,我们没有事做,并且不需要事做,”他说。

  他承认从16岁起有过几段感情,但是他现在才刚刚开始考虑婚姻。

  “我不想被什么东西限制,”他说,“但是我相信有一种更巨大的力量,当它出现时,它将使我愿意担负责任。”

  《中国画报》杂志的一份报告曾经把他的反体制和个人主义称为“西化”的,并且责问:“你怎么会变成这样?”

  “我不认为一个东西可以被称作'东化的'或'西化的',”他回答。“这里只有一个标准--是否适合人类。”

  《时尚先生》杂志总监马一木说,“韩寒只是个普通的年轻人。他像正常人一样喜欢美女并且对他不喜欢的东西说'不',如果中国还有更多韩寒,这个国家将会更正常。”

  韩寒在一首自己作词的歌曲中表达了这样一个观点,在他唯一的相册中,他唱到,“快乐就是用不同的方法寻找快乐。

 

新华英文报道原文:

Han Han: Finding happiness by being different

by Xinhua writer Wu Chen

BEIJING, Sept. 23 (Xinhua) -- When racing driver Han Han flipped the bird at judges after receiving a penalty during the China Touring Car Championship in June, many asked if he had taken his tendency for controversy a step too far.

But he followed up on his blog, lambasting the Federation of Automobile Sports as "unprofessional" in enforcing rules and criticizing it for failing to impose penalties for prohibited pre-rally road surveys.

Asked whether he considered the influence of his obscene gesture on society, Han responded with typical sarcasm: "The only group that might be affected is the children, but I believe that with the protection of 'Green Dam' (filtering software designed to block violence and pornographic content on the Internet), they won't be hurt."

It was the sort of hard-hitting criticism that has made the 27-year-old the most popular blogger in China -- and seen him hailed as the voice of his generation.

Han's blog is known for attacking the establishment, and his opinions often make headlines -- when they pass the censors.

His thoughts on the fire that destroyed a new tower block owned by state broadcaster China Central Television (CCTV) in February disappeared from Chinese Internet screens soon after they were posted.

But not before the posting was copied and sent thousands of times. In the post, he voiced the frustrations of his generation: "The government needs to think about a serious issue: its mouthpieces have damaged the image of their master, when they operate under the current mechanism. Even a truthful story could appear fake when reported by them. The younger generation has been maturing and they will ridicule what these state-owned media agencies produce more and more.... No wonder they (the media) are being left behind by the times."

He also pointed to the reasons for his own popularity: "This is an era in which you can not convince people unless you have virtue."

In late May 2008, when American actress Sharon Stone triggered outrage in China by saying the Sichuan earthquake was "interesting" and "karma", Han argued that Stone's original meaning was distorted by the media.

He put the full quote and direct translation in his blog, saying Stone was telling the reporter the process of her thoughts, but the media had quoted her out of context.

Three days later, he posted a 3,000-word article "Don't show the fury of the whole nation," advising the public to ease their nationalist ardor.

"A sentence of a passe foreign star who was misquoted by the media made us show our savage side," he wrote, referring to postings calling for her to be "killed" or otherwise harmed.

"If we think about what we've said after natural disasters in other countries, we will find we are far from real humanitarians. If you still don't reflect on the past, you are not as good as Stone. She at least knew to reflect on herself," read the post.

He also said the Chinese should be focusing on more important matters, such as the "dofu-built" schools that collapsed in the quake.

For this he was branded an "idiot," "cold-blooded" and "unpatriotic" on Chinese websites.

In fact, he had gone to Sichuan right after the quake to distribute relief materials donated by himself and his friends, but he cautiously avoided the cameras so as not to be branded a "show off" too.

However, Lu Jinbo, Han's publisher, and Liang Wendao, a commentator with Hong Kong-based Phoenix TV, agree that Han could be the next Lu Xun, arguably the most famous modern Chinese writer, who was acclaimed for his vehemently critical essays.

Han's debut novel, Triple Gate, published in 2000, is about a high school student's campus life. In it, he attacks the education system by comparing the teachers who do home-schooling with prostitutes: "Teachers are not popular, but home-schooling is. From that, we can see that teaching is like dating. One to many is cheap, but one to one is precious -- almost the same price per hour as a prostitute. However, a teacher is much more competent than a prostitute. The prostitute makes money by giving joy to the other, while a teacher achieves it through giving agony."

This provocative criticism has sent at least five of his books into the best-seller lists.

One reader of Triple Gate wrote to say, "Han Han you're great! You've just said what I want to say."

"Then why didn't you say it?" he responded.

Guangzhou-based New Weekly magazine said in late 2008 that Han Han lived up to the duties and responsibilities of a public intellectual. "His rational thinking makes us hopeful for the 1980s generation," it said, refering to the generation of mostly single children, who are famously considered self-centered and lacking social responsibility.

However, Han rejects the position, saying he just enjoys speaking out.

He even kind of enjoys the fact that many don't share his views. "When I just started in car-racing, I thought the slow drivers were foolish, but later I changed my mind -- without them, how could I stand out?"

He has followed his own passions, taking up motor-racing to the confusion of many who believed he had a promising future in writing.

They claimed he just wanted to show off his wealth, or just wanted some excitement like many young men with excessive testosterone.

At first, Han Han spent his own money on training and buying cars. Then he was contracted to a professional team. And then he astonished the public by winning the 2007 China Circuit Championship.

"My success comes from my judgment, which is my gift. Some people will never know what they are really capable of. They just waste their lives in something that they are not good at," he says.

Growing up in a small township in the suburbs of Shanghai, Han had a carefree childhood. His mother and father, unlike many Chinese parents who push their children to succeed, were relaxed about his schoolwork and studies.

He found a passion for reading when he started to learn Chinese characters, hiding under the bedclothes to read at night.

His independent streak was obvious at an early age when he resisted his parents' attempts to control what they saw as bad habits or behavior, even on minor issues like keeping his desk tidy.

"They used to try to change me, but never succeeded. Then they started to know I always try my best to get what I want. Now they support every decision I make," Han says.

He won't own up to any influences in his determination to live his own life.

His academic progress foundered in 1999, when he failed seven subjects, including Chinese, at high school. He spent another year trying to catch up, but he eventually decided to quit.

However, before that, he won the first "New Concept" national essay contest, which encourages students to write innovatively, and he finished the manuscript for Triple Gate during class.

He told his teachers he would live on the royalties, and they all laughed at his "naivety."

But one month later, Triple Gate became a best-seller, and has since sold a million copies, making him a millionaire.

He believes "success is the mother of success," fueling his self-confidence.

Now he also makes money as a professional racing driver, and through advertising on his blogs.

In order to encourage Chinese writers, he is promising to pay an above-average rate of 2,000 yuan per 1,000 Chinese characters in a new magazine for which he will be the editor.

He has been thinking about giving up racing and writing for some time.

"But I still have some goals that haven't been achieved and some 'enemies' I have to beat," he says.

His ideal life would be "staying in the right place with the right person."

"Every morning when we wake up, we have nothing to do, and don't need to do anything," he said.

He admits to several relationships since he was 16, but he is only just considering marriage.

"I don't want to be restricted by anything," Han says, "but I believe that there is a stronger power. When it appears, it will make me be willing to take the responsibility."

A reporter from China Pictorial magazine once characterized his anti-establishment and individualistic nature as "westernized" and asked: "How did you become like this?"

"I don't think things can be called easternized or westernized," he answered. "There is only one standard -- whether it's suitable for human beings."

Ma Yimu, editor of men's fashion magazine, Esquire, says, "Han Han is just a normal young man. He normally likes pretty women and normally says 'no' to the things he thinks wrong. If there were more Han Hans in China, the country would be more normal."

Han Han expresses the view in a song with his own lyrics, in his only album, when he sings, "Happiness is being happy in different ways."

 

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